We, operating table manufacturer, teach you how to understand the placement and precautions of various surgical positions
1. Supine position: including horizontal supine position, lateral head supine position and hanging head supine position.
(1) Horizontal supine position: suitable for abdomen, chest wall, limbs, forehead and other surgeries.
The patient lies flat on the operating table and holds his hands at his or her sides.
(2) Side head supine position: suitable for one side head and neck surgery, such as mastoid root, submandibular gland, parotid gland and one side neck surgery.
The patient lies flat on the operating table, with both hands placed on both sides of the body to fix it, a long soft leather pillow under the shoulder, a head circle under the head, and the head is tilted to the unhealthy side.
(3) Supine position: suitable for thyroid, tracheostomy, laryngopharynx, cleft lip and palate and other surgeries.
The patient lies flat on the operating table, with both hands placed on the sides of the body to fix it, a long leather cushion under the shoulders, and a head circle under the head, keeping the head in the middle and straight position.
2. Side decubitus position: the patient lies on his side at 90°, the affected side is facing up, both arms are stretched and fixed on the bed frame, the head is padded with a head circle or pillow, and the armpit is padded with a rectangular soft cushion to prevent the upper limb pressed below from being pressed for too long and paralysis, both sides of the pelvis are fixed with a sandbag fixed frame (to prevent the patient from lying forward and backwards) The lower leg is straightened, the upper leg is slightly flexed, and the two legs are separated by soft pillows (to prevent the operation time from being too long, the knee bones are solemn and the protrusion is compressed), and the knees and hips are fixed with restraint belts. The lateral decubitus position is suitable for cranial surgery, thoracic surgery, kidney surgery (pay attention to the patient's renal area aligned with the renal root area of the bed when positioning the body), orthopedic surgery, etc.
3. Hemilateral decubitus position: 30°-45° on the patient's half side is suitable for left atrial mitral valve separation.
4. Prone position: suitable for spinal deformity correction surgery and vertebral fracture fixation surgery. The patient lies prone on the operating table, the chest is cushioned with a horseshoe-shaped soft cushion, the head is prone on the head frame, the two upper limbs are slightly bent forward and fixed on the two side scaffolds, the pubic symphysis is padded with a rubber cushion, the throat and chest are suspended and compressed, and cotton pads are pinned to the lower knees and feet.
5. Semi-sitting position: suitable for nasal septal correction, nasal polyp removal and nasal endoscopic surgery, raise the head end of the operating table by 75°, shake the tail low by 45°, flex the legs, lean the head and torso on the high operating table, and place the hands on the sides of the body to fix.
6. Lithotomy position: suitable for rectal perineum, gynecological vaginal and urethral surgery, the patient lies on his back, the buttocks are placed on the vertical part of the rocker of the operating table, the legs are separated on the leg frame, the popliteal fossa is padded with cotton pads, fixed with restraint belts, the tail of the operating table is shaken down and the buttocks are removed from the edge of the operating table, the outer layer of one upper limb is fixed on the supporting branch, the other upper limb is placed next to the body to be fixed, and the operating table is slightly tilted back.